Support those statements with empirical data meaning an average of your trials instead of data from a specific trial. Don't mention anything new here that has not already been discussed in your paper. This is also the place to mention how your findings can be applied in the real world.
Credits Give credit where credit is due - here you may list individuals, businesses, or research institutions that have assisted you. Please cite your work using MLA format. The Abstract can be done later. This paper is NOT printable, but you can pull it up and look at it from the Science Buddies' website. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates.
Get Started. Frye's 7th grade Accelerated Science. When you work hard to write something, you don't want your friends to loaf and just copy it.
VFM 8th Grade Science Fair Project: Step 4: Background Research
Every author feels the same way. Plagiarism is when someone copies the words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas of someone else and presents them as his or her own. When you find information in a book, on the Internet, or from some other source, you MUST give the author of that information credit in a citation. If you copy a sentence or paragraph exactly, you should also use quotation marks around the text. The surprising thing to many students is how easy it is for parents, teachers, and science fair judges to detect and prove plagiarism.
So, don't go there, and don't make us try to hunt you down! Here is information on how to format your research paper. Here is a sample research paper in MLA format. Key Info As you do your research, follow your background research plan and take notes from your sources of information. These notes will help you write a better summary. The purpose of your research paper is to give you the information to understand why your experiment turns out the way it does.
The research paper should include: The history of similar experiments or inventions Definitions of all important words and concepts that describe your experiment Answers to all your background research plan questions Mathematical formulas, if any, that you will need to describe the results of your experiment For every fact or picture in your research paper you should follow it with a citation telling the reader where you found the information.
A citation is just the name of the author and the date of the publication placed in parentheses like this: Author, date. Its purpose is to document a source briefly, clearly, and accurately. If you copy text from one of your sources, then place it in quotation marks in addition to following it with a citation.
Step 1 - Develop the Words
Be sure you understand and avoid plagiarism! Do not copy another person's work and call it your own.
Always give credit where credit is due! Most teachers want a research paper to have these sections, in order: Title page with the title of your project, your name, and the date Your report Bibliography Check with your teacher for additional requirements such as page numbers and a table of contents. Overview Year after year, students find that the report called the research paper is the part of the science fair project where they learn the most.
Background Information for Science Projects
Johnson 99 E. Johnson, ; L. Sample Here is a sample research paper in MLA format. Will you have the knowledge to understand what causes the behavior you observe?
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You can trust the information you find in databases, not like on the web or through Google searches. Sometimes it's accurate, but many times it isn't. Research is:. Research is not:. Words for the wise student:. Give Credit to your website or author in the body of your research. Background Research Background research should help you to educate the reader of your project about important aspects of your topic.
Background Research Worksheet Complete this worksheet prior to beginning your background research for your project.
11 Tips for Writing a Science Fair Research Paper - dummies
Fact Collection Worksheet Collect facts from a minimum of 3 sources: one source must be from Gale Science in Context. Sample of Background Research Paragraphs Here is a sample of what your background research paragraphs might look like.
Why You Should Use Databases Databases are sometimes called the "deep web" or "invisible web" because their information is usually only accessible through paid subscriptions using passwords and isn't usually found indexed by search engines such as Google. Library Databases: Start your Search Here.